הֵן, אַחַי, אֵינֶנִּי רוֹצֶה שֶׁיֵּעָלֵם מִכֶּם הָרָז הַזֶּה... קֵהוּת לֵב אָחֲזָה בְּמִדַּת מָה אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, עַד אֲשֶׁר יִכָּנֵס מְלוֹא הַגּוֹיִים. וְכָךְ כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל יִוָּשַׁע..., כְּמוֹ שֶׁכָּתוּב: "וּבָא מִצִּיּוֹן גּוֹאֵל וְיָשִׁיב פֶּשַׁע בְּיַעֲקֹב, וַאֲנִי זֹאת בְּרִיתִי אוֹתָם, כִּי אֶסְלַח לַעֲוֹנָם." אָמְנָם בְּמַה שֶּׁנּוֹגֵעַ לַבְּשׂוֹרָה הֵם אוֹיְבִים בִּגְלַלְכֶם, אֲבָל בְּמַה שֶּׁנּוֹגֵעַ לַבְּחִירָה אֲהוּבִים הֵם בִּגְלַל הָאָבוֹת, שֶׁהֲרֵי אֵין הָאֱלֹהִים מִתְחָרֵט עַל מַתְּנוֹתָיו וְעַל בְּחִירָתוֹ. (רומ' יא 25 – 29)
מאמרים אודות יחסים בין הכנסייה והעם היהודי, תפקידה של ישראל בתוכנית הישועה, והמשמעות התיאולוגית של ארץ ישראל היום.
The unconditional gift of the election of the Jewish people is the theological foundation of Catholic Zionism. Many New Testament texts support the notion that Catholics should endorse Zionism. Jesus himself was a Jewish Christian Zionist. Catholics accept that the Jewish people still have a providential role to play, and their return to the land of Israel may be part of the still-to-be-completed redemptive plan.
Critics of Christian Zionism usually dismiss it for one of three reasons: (1) They say it contradicts the New Testament, which replaces the Old Testament focus on a particular land by the vision of a whole world; (2) They think it is the exclusive concern of premillennial dispensationalists; (3) It is said to be more political than theological, attached to right-wing American and Israeli political parties that wrongly identify the current Israeli state with the eschaton. Scholars recently made the case for a "new" Christian Zionism that takes a fresh approach to all three of these problems.
Gerald McDermott explores the notion of supersessionism in Christian theology, which suggests the promises made to the Jewish people in the Old Testament, including the land promise, have been superseded by the Christian church. This view has dominated Christian interpretation since the fourth century, leading to the marginalization of the New Testament's references to the land promise. Evidence in the New Testament contradicts supersessionism, and recognizing the ongoing significance of the land promise is vital for understanding God's trustworthiness and the fulfillment of his promises.
Dr. André Villeneuve discusses the role of Israel in the age of the Church on Michael Lofton's "Reason and Theology" podcast. Topics include God's covenant with Israel, supersessionism, the idea of the Church as "new Israel", Israel's role in the age of the Church, the modern state of Israel, Zionism, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, and Israel's role in regard to Jesus' Second Coming.
According to Luke-Acts, Jerusalem possesses a unique status not only because "the kingdom of Christ" is "historically anchored" there, but even more because that kingdom will achieve its eschatological consummation within its walls.
God has tied His saving and redemptive concern for the welfare of all men to His love for the people of Israel. Only those who love the people of Israel can love the God of Israel. Israel is thus God's first-born, most precious in His eyes. -- Michael Wyschogrod (1928-2015)
The most repeated divine promise in the Hebrew Scriptures (the Old Testament) is God's gift of the Land of Canaan to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—the people of Israel. Here is a compilation of these verses.
The words "Israel" and "Israelite" occur 77 times in the New Testament. Is "Israel" ever used as a synonym for the Church? How many times does the NT use the expression "new Israel" or "true Israel" to refer to the Church?
Many today are unaware of the tumultuous history of the Declaration Nostra Aetate and how it was initially intended to exclusively address the relationship of the Church with the Jewish people. This paper examines the origins and development of the Declaration on the Jews and how it eventually became the Declaration on the Relation of the Church to Non-Christian Religions.
Since the inception of the Toward Jerusalem Council II initiative, the involvement of Catholics has been a stumbling block for many – both Evangelical Christians with no love for Rome and Messianic Jews who are very conscious of the sufferings of the Jewish people at the hands of the Catholic Church. Fr. Peter Hocken explains why it is essential for Catholics to be involved in TJCII.
The People of God of the flesh stand surety for the People of God in the spirit, not only as witnesses to scriptural promise but as the living root of the Church. As Christians see it, God taught the idea of a People of God through the Jews, and the Jews' continuing existence is both a perpetual reminder of that lesson and a guarantee that God keeps his promises.